The Iliad Questions Answers

The Iliad Questions Answers

THE ILIAD

 

  1. Comment on Iliad as an epic.

                   OR

 Identify and discuss the conventions of the Greek epic with particular reference to Books I and II of the Iliad.

The Iliad Questions Answers

 

Ans. An epic is a poem comprising of fictional characters usually involved in huge a war. An epic is usually of great length. We can often find a lot of political intrigues. An epic has a very large scale in which things operate. This large scale includes grand clothes worn by characters, long passages of descriptions generally using epic similes, extended metaphors and other figures of speech. We also have the device of dues-ex-machina. They often help or hinder the characters in the epic.

Many epics are often about a single hero who conquers many problems during the span of the epic concerned. We have examples like Odyssey, Beowulf, and Ramayana etc. An epic usually considers to be giving us a picture of the society in which it was created since war is a primary theme of an epic, we often find heroic boasts which adds to the element of hyperbole. In epics we often find many digressions. These digressions are but a natural result of the lengthiness of the epic. When an epic begins, the poet generally begins with an invocation.

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Iliad was written in a poetic format. Of course all the characters of this epic are fictional. They are involved in war with each other. Some time the wars are local and sometimes they are fought on a huge scale. For example, the entire epic describes the war between Greece and Troy. Yet we often find in book I and II, small battles between individuals as well as between tribes. For example we find that Achilles fights with Agamemnon’s men.

Iliad is also of a huge length. It runs into thousands of lines. However, book I and II taken separately is not of such a huge length. In Iliad as early as in book I we find that there are a number of political intrigues. In fact Helen was only an excuse used by Agamemnon to attack Troy. Agamemnon had always wanted to conquer Troy. All through the two books we find Agamemnon involving himself in various deceits. We find him thinking of abetting Achilles to serve him his purpose.

 

Al the descriptions in the poem are of large magnitude. From the description of the huge number of Greek ships to the description of the city of Troy and its huge walls. We also find that the great warriors, kings and the queens wear magnificent armors and dresses.

 

From the very beginning of Iliad we find that Apollo hearing the prayer old Chryse, becomes angry at the Greek and kills them with his arrows. Again, when Achilles prays to his mother then she promises that she will help him in fact Achilles himself is half god and half human. In these two books we often find various god and goddesses interfere in human activities.

The Iliad Questions Answers

 

Though iliad talkes about a number of heroes. There is no single hero who is prays to his mother to help him against Agamemnon. Even the first two books we portrayed as the all powerful or ideal hero so much so that even the mighty Achilles we find many heroic acts of the heroes. find our attention divided among Achilles, Hector, Agamemnon and Odysseus.

Though Like all epics Iliad also gives us a picture of the society in which it was written. to know about the condition of the women who were not considered anything better It shows the petty ribaldries among the various, small tribes and nations also come than commodities. We also come to know as to how the various policies maintained by the various countries for war and diplomacy.

 

Digressions are common in the first two books of Iliad. We are often reading about the story of the heroes as they were in their childhood. We often find the stories of the gods and goddess which do not have anything to do with the main story of the epic. I these digressions were not aided in t e first draft of the epic but rather with the progress of time, various authors added various stories tot the main text.

 

Thus we find that Iliad has almost all the qualities that an epic has. Like all other epics Iliad was also composed as a poem. We can safely say that Iliad is an epic.

 

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The Iliad Questions Answers

 

2., Discuss Homer’s portrayal of Achilles with reference to Books I and II of the Iliad.

Or

Character of Achilles.

Or

The role of Achilles.

 

Ans. Achilles was the son of Peleus, a mortal and Thetis, a goddess. Thus, Achilles is demigod. Achilles perhaps is the most important character in Iliad. It is with him that the epic begins. In the first book Achilles gets the most importance. Achilles is presented as the most valiant and sought after warrior in the epic. Yet Agamemnon says that he was great warrior because, “. . . God made you so.

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The Iliad Questions Answers

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