SOPHOCLES KING OEDIPUS SUMMARY

 SOPHOCLES KING OEDIPUS SUMMARY

 

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INDIAN CLASSICAL LITERATURE

 

VYASA:

  1. MAHABHARATA MARKS-10
  2. THE TEMPTATION OF KARNA MARKS-10
  3. THE TEMPTATION OF KARNA MARKS-05

 

SUDRAKA:

 

  1. MRICHHAKATIKA MARKS-02
  2. MRICHHAKATIKA MARKS-05
  3. MRICHHAKATIKA MARKS-10

 

 

BANBHATTA:

 

  1. KADAMBARI MARKS-10

 

KALIDASA :

  1. ABHIJYANAMSHAKUNTALAM MARKS-02
  2. ABHIJYANAMSHAKUNTALAM MARKS-05
  3. ABHIJYANAMSHAKUNTALAM MARKS-10

 

ILANGO ADIGAL :

  1. THE BOOK OF VANCI MARKS-02
  2. THE BOOK OF VANCI MARKS-05

 

EUROPEAN CLASSICAL LITERATURE

 

HOMER : THE ILIAD MARKS-10

SOPHOCLES : OEDIPUS THE KING MARKS-10

OVID : METAMORPHOSIS BOOK-III , BOOK-IV, BOOK-VI— MARKS- 02, 05 & 10

PLAUTUS : THE POT OF GOLD MARKS-02

THE POT OF GOLD MARKS-05

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SUMMARY:

 The play opens with a devastating picture of the plague. We see that some priests have come to the palace of Oedipus, they beg their king, Oedipus, to help them lift the plague that threatens to destroy the city. Oedipus says that he has sent his brother-in-law Creon to the house of Apollo to ask the oracle how to alleviate the pangs of death. Creon comes and announces that (Apollo said) if the killer of their former king is found and identified then Thebes will be cured of plague. Oedipus vows that he will find the murderer.

After that Oedipus summons the blind prophet, Tiresias, to bring light to this matter. When Tiresias refuses to speak the truth Oedipus accuses him of killing Laius. Tiresias says that Oedipus is the murderer of Laius. This statement fans the fire of anger in Oedipus. When Creon tries to help Oedipus, the latter even stigmatizes the former by saying that he has killed Laius with the aid of the blind prophet, Tiresias. With the arrival of Jocasta, the quarrel comes to an end and Jocasta says that Oedipus should not worry about the oracles.

Being grieved by the enmity between Oedipus and Creon, Jocasta informs that these oracles are false, because, once an oracle informed king Laius that he would be killed by his own child. But Jocasta assures that this did not happen as the child was abandoned on a deserted mountain soon after his birth and Laius was killed by some robbers at a crossroads.

Oedipus becomes disturbed after hearing Jocasta’s remarks as he thinks that when he was coming to Thebes he accidentally killed a king-(like person) at  crossroads. Oedipus immediately sends for the shepherd who was the eye-witness of this incident.

After this, Oedipus starts to narrate his past story; he says that he believed himself to be the son of Polybus (king of Corinth) and his wife Merope until a drunken man announced that the young Oedipus was not the biological son of Polybus and Merope. Disturbed, Oedipus consulted the oracle of Apollo, who told him that he would kill his father and marry his mother. This thing kept on gnawing Oedipus both mentally and psychologically. Hence, he decided to leave Corinth. And on his journey he came across a crossroads and accidentally killed a person.

With the passage of time we come to know that a messenger has come to the palace of Oedipus and he informs that Polybus is dead. Overjoyed, Jocasta sends for Oedipus. Though apparently Oedipus becomes glad, but when he realizes the second prophecy (i.e. to marry his mother) he becomes puzzled. One revelation leads to another; the messenger assures Oedipus that Polybus and Merope were not his biological parents. In fact, the messenger himself gave the body.

Oedipus to the royal couple when a shepherd offered him that abandoned baby from the house of Laius. Oedipus vows again that he will track the shepherd down. When the shepherd comes and tells everyone that Oedipus is the biological son of Laius and Jocasta, Oedipus becomes completely heart-broken.

At this juncture, we come to see that the tragic vicissitudes of life proved too much for Jocasta . She tried hard to find a means to escape from this hard reality and ultimately she committed suicide. Oedipus, on the other hand, seeing his mother-cum-wife in this state takes the brooch from her dress and stabs out his own eyes. He now begs Creon to banish him, and asks him to take care of his children. Oedipus is then led away while Creon and the girls go back in the palace. The play ends here.

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 SOPHOCLES KING OEDIPUS SUMMARY

**** THE TEMPTATION OF KARNA SUMMARY LINK:https://www.brojendasenglish.com/the-temptation-of-karna/

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