METAMORPHOSIS QUESTIONS ANSWERS MARKS-5
Q.1. Describe the fight between the snake and Cadmus. (5)
Ans. At first, Cadmus threw a heavy rock at the serpent but the serpent was not affected by it. Cadmus impaled the snake with his spear. The snake maddened with pain threw venom at Cadmus and knocked down some trees. The snake tied to bite Cadmus but Cadmus thrust his sword into the snake’s neck and ultimately killed the snake by pinning the snake with an oak tree.
Q.2. How did Juno punish Semele? (5)
Ans. Juno disguised herself as an old nurse called Beroe and tricked Semele to make Jupiter come in all his power and embrace Semele. June told Semele that it often happens that many false people disguising themselves as gods cheat women. So to prove that it was Jupiter Semele should ask Jupiter to embrace her in all his power.
Juno knew well that if Jupiter embraces a mortal in that form then the mortal is sure to die. Semele could not understand Juno’s trick and asked Jupiter to come as a god. Jupiter tried to reduce his power but could not and Semele was burnt.
Q.3. Discuss the end of Acteon in Metamorphosis. (5)
Ans. Keeping in tune with the theme and the title action metamorphosized into a deer by a curse of Diana and was killed by his dogs. While Actaeon was in a hunt, he lost his way and chanced upon goddess Diana taking a bath in a fountain. He saw Diana naked. Diana became angered by this intrusion. She thought that Acteon had done this on purpose. In anger, she turned Acteon into a deer.
Diana thought that since Acteoan has seen her naked, his passions might have been aroused. To provide a fitting punishment, she turned him into a stag while his dogs were compared with his desires which would not let him rest in peace. At the end of Acteon, we find the theme of violence and death to be predominant. These themes are also predominant themes in the entire work. In this episode, we also come across the theme of appearance and reality.
The stag appears to be a stag but in reality, he was Actaeon. Moreover, Diana thought that Acteon has done that on purpose but that was not true. The theme of divine punishment is also found in the episode. Thus the death of Acteon points towards some important themes of Metamorphosis.
Q.4. Discuss the birth of Bacchus. (5)
Ans. Confirming Plato’s idea that poets often presented gods in a bad light, Ovid shows Jupiter to be a womaniser, who cheats upon his wife Juno. In this episode, Jupiter had made love to Semele. Semele is pregnant with Jupiter’s child. Juno is very jealous. She decides to punish Semele. Disguising herself as an old maid she persuades Semele to ask Jupiter to come to her as a god.
The old maid argued that many women claim that they bear the child of the gods. To prove that Semele’s lover was truly Jupiter, Semele should call Jupiter in his original form. Though reluctant, Jupiter to fulfil his promise to Semele comes with all his terrible glory and Semele dies due to the same.
Semele’s unborn baby was cut out from her body and was stitched into Jupiter’s thigh where Bacchus grew up and was born. After his birth Ino, his aunt brought him up secretly and was given to the nymphs of Mount Nysa.
5. How did Bacchus punish the crew? (5)
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