NOUNS ADJECTIVES VERBS ADVERBS

 

NOUNS ADJECTIVES VERBS ADVERBS

 

Formation of Nouns  Adjectives  Verbs  Adverbs

Formation of Nouns, Adjectives, Verbs & Adverbs  are explained below in an advanced way so that the learners can learn joyfully.

 Noun:– A noun is a word which denotes only the name of a person, place, or thing.

 

 Examples: Rahul(person), Murshidabad (place) , Pen (thing) etc.

 

Formation of Nouns:

 

***Denoting state, condition, action, result etc.

  1. Most of the Nouns are formed by adding ‘ness’ to an adjective.

 

 

Adjective   +  -ness          =  Noun

 

 

Good   +   -ness        =  Goodness

 

Sad     +       -ness       =  Sadness

 

ill   +      -ness      =   illness

 

Kind   +     -ness  = Kindness

 

Heavy    +  -ness      = Heaviness

 

 

  1. Nouns are formed by adding – ‘ance’ to a verb .

 

 

Verb   +  – ance   = Noun

 

 

Allow   +  – ance  = Allowance

 

Present     +  – ance     = Presence

 

Clear          + – ance     = Clearance

 

 

3.By adding -‘ment’ to a verbs.

 

 

Verb    +  – ment    = Noun

 

 

Govern +    – ment     = Government

 

Agree  +   – ment  = Agreement

 

Argue + – ment   =  Argument

 

 

4.By adding -‘ tion’ to a verb.

 

 

Verb   +  – tion      = Noun

 

 

Attend  +  – tion   = Attention

 

Collect    +      tion  = Collection

 

Describe +   – tion   = Description

 

 

5.By adding – ‘ ity’  to an adjective.

 

 

Adjective  + – ity     = Noun

 

 

Futile  +  – ity = Futility

 

Brutal + – ity = Brutality

 

Mature  + – ity = Maturity

 

 

  1. By adding -‘ “age” to a verb.

 

Verb +  age = Noun

 

Bond +   age  = Bondage

 

Break   +  age = Breakage

 

Marry    + age = Marriage

 

7 . By adding -‘ ence’ to a verb.

 

Verb  +  -ence  = Noun

 

Differ +  -ence = Difference

 

 

  1. By adding –“- dom”

 

King  +   -dom  = kingdom

 

Wise +  -dom  = wisedom

 

Free + -dom   = Freedom

 

9 . By adding  “- hood”.

 

Man  +  hood = manhood

 

Boy + -hood   = boyhood

 

Child + -hood  = childhood

 

 

9.By adding  “- head”.

 

God  +   -head  = godhead

 

 

10 .By adding  “- ice”.

 

Avare +  -ice  = Avarice

 

Coward + -ice  = Cowardice

 

 

11.By adding  “- ism”.

 

Patriot +  ism  = Patriotism

 

Social + ism = Socialism

 

 

12.By adding  “- ship”.

 

Friend  +  -ship  = friendship

 

Hard + -ship = hardship

 

 

13.By adding  “- ure”.

Expose   +  -ure   = Exposure

Compose   +    – ure   = Composure

Please   +   -ure  = pleasure

 

  1. By adding “- y”.

 

Miser  +  -y   = misery

Air +-y = Airy

 

15.By adding “-ry”.

Dispense  +  -ry   = Dispensary

Libra   + -ry  = Library

Treasure   +  -ry  = Treasury

 

 

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Formation of Adjectives:

 

 Adjective:-  An Adjective is a word which is generally used to qualify a noun or a pronoun.

  It definately tells the quality of noun or pronoun. 

Examples:  good, fast, beautiful, etc.

He is a  good boy.

Lazy students fail in the exam.

 

  1. Most of the adjectives are formed by adding “-al”

 

Electric   +    -al      = Electrical

Economic  +    -al   = Economical

Tragic     +   -al  = Tragical

 

 

  1. By adding “-ant”

 

Repent    + -ant   = Repentant

Arrogance   +     -ant   = Arrogant

Abundance  +   -ant    = Abundant

 

  1. By adding “-ent”.

 

Obedience    +    -ent   =Obedient

Abstinence+   -ent   = Abstenent

Descent + -ent   = Descendent

 

4.By adding “-en”.

Wood   +  -en= wooden

Gold     +     -en= Golden

Earth    +  -en= Earthen

 

5 . By adding “-ful”

 

Hope    +  -ful   = Hopeful

Hand    +    -ful  = Handful

Beauty     +     -ful   = Beautiful

Mouth +  -ful  = Mouthful

 

 

6.By adding “-ible”.

 

Sense      +       -ible    = sensible

Access   + -ible   = Accessible

Admission    + -ible   = Admissible

 

 

  1. By adding “-able.”

 

Eat      +  able  = Eatable

Respect    + -able   = Respectable

Drink  +  -able      = Drinkable

 

 

  1. By adding “-ish.”

Self     +    -ish      = Selfish

Slave   +    -ish     = Slavish

Dark  +     -ish      = Darkish

 

  1. By adding “-less.”

Fear    +     -less     = Fearless

 

Hope  +    -less    = Hopeless

 

Home  +  – less   = Homeless

 

  1. By adding “-ly.”

Man    +  -ly    = Manly

Heaven    +     -ly     = Heavenly

Love  +   -ly  = Lovely

God     +   -ly     = Godly

 

 11.By adding “-ous.”

 

Danger   +   -ous    = Dangerous

Courage     +    -ous   = Courageous

Copy       +       -ous    = copious

 

12 .By adding “-ward”.

 

For +  – ward   = Forward

Home   +   -ward   = Homeward

Back  +   -ward   = Backward

 

 

13 . By adding “-tive.”

 

Attention +   -tive     = Attentive

Formation    +   -tive   = Formative

Collection    +   -tive     = Collective

 

14 . By adding “-ed.”

Pot- belly   + ed    = Pot-bellied

One-eye   +ed   =one-eyed

Single-eye   +ed   =single-eyed

Left-hand  +ed  = Left-handed

 

Formation of Nouns, Adjectives, Verbs & Adverbs

 

 

 

Formation of Verbs:

 

  1. Verb:- Verb is a word that generally denotes some action done by doer.

  Examples: Play, hit, come. etc.

He plays cricket.

 

  1. Most of the verbs are formed by adding “-ate.”

 

Captive   +   -ate  = Captivate

 

Assassin     +    -ate    = Assassinate

 

Crime   +   -ate   = Incriminate

 

Habit   +  -ate     = Habituate

 

 

  1. Most of the verbs are formed by adding “-en.”

 

Black   +   -en   =blacken

Short   +  -en = Shorten

Bright   +   -en      = Brighten

Dark    +  -en    = Darken

 

 

  1. Most of the verbs are formed by adding “En-.”

 

En   +    sure   = Ensure

En  +    able    = Enable

 

  1. Most of the verbs are formed by adding “-fy.”

 

Clear    +   -fy   = Clarify

Pure    +   -fy     = Purify

Beauty     +     -fy   = Beautify

 

 

  1. Most of the verbs are formed by adding “-ise.”

 

Sympathy   +   -ise   = Sympathise

Character     +    -ise    = Characterise

National     +    -ise     = Nationalise

 

  1. Most of the verbs are formed by adding “-ize.”

 

Real    +     -ize   = Realize

 

Custom    +    -ize    = Customize

 

Civil      +   -ize   = Civilize

 

  1. Most of the verbs are formed by adding “De-.”

 

De   +    Merit   =Demerit

De   +     Compose    =Decompose

 

 

Formation of Adverbs:

Adverb:- An adverb is a word which is obviously used to  quality a Verb.

 

 Examples: Carefully, attentively.

 

Tina goes slowly.

 

 

  1. Most of the Adverbs are formed by adding “ly” to an Adjective

 

 

    Adjectives   +      – ly    = Adverbs

 

Kind    +     -ly   = Kindly

 

Clear  +   -ly    = Clearly

 

Soft   +   -ly =  Softly

 

  1. Adjectives ending in “le” , “e” is dropped and “y” is added.

 

 

Adjectives    +  -ly   = Adverbs

 

Whole    +  -ly  = Wholly

 

Terrible    +  – ly   = Terribly

 

Possible  +     -ly      = Possibly

 

 

3.A few adjectives ending in “ll” only “y” is added.

 

 

Adjectives   +  -ly   = Adverbs

 

Full   +    -ly   = Fully

 

Dull    +    – ly    = Dully

 

 

4.A Few Adjectives ending  “e”, “e” is dropped and ” ly” is added.

 

 

Adjectives    +   -ly   = Adverbs

 

True +   – ly    = Truly

 

Due    +   -ly = Duly

Here ends Formation of  Nouns, Adjectives, Verbs  & Adverbs

 

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NOUNS ADJECTIVES VERBS ADVERBS

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