Biography writing for class Ix & X.

Biography writing for madhyamik 2021/biography writing for class Ix & X.

 

 

 

BIOGRAPHY WRITING

 

What is a biography?

 

A biography is a kind of paragraph on the life of some famous personality whose life stories inspire us in many ways to progress in life.

 

How to write a Biography:

 

  1. Write the title in capital letters (about whom you are going to write the Biography.)
  2. In biography writing, past tense is generally used.
  3. An introductory sentence and concluding sentence must be used in a biography.
  4. Biography writing follows a chronological order starting from birth to death.
  5. All the given hints must be used to write the biography. Students can add one or two sentences.

 

  1. Write a biography of Prafulla Chandra Roy, using the following points:

 

Points: Birth: 1861, Khulna, Bangladesh—-Education: village pathshala, Hare School, Albert School, Metropolitan College, went to London, B.Sc. from Edinburgh University, D.Sc.
also—professor of Presidency College (1889)—first to prepare Mercurous Nitrate in the laboratory (1896)–established Bengal Chemical (1901)—joined Science College as Palit Professor-Death: 1944.

 

           PRAFULLA CHANDRA ROY

 

Prafulla Chandra Roy, a great scientist was born in 1861 in Khulna in Bangladesh. He received his primary education in the village pathshala. Then, coming to Kolkata, he was admitted to the Hare School and then to the Albert School. Later, he took higher education from the Metropolitan College.

For further studies, he went to London and got his B.Sc and D.Sc degrees from Edinburgh University. Coming back to India, he joined the Presidency College as a professor. He was the first scientist in the world to prepare Mercurous Nitrate in the laboratory. Later, he established the Bengal Chemical for scientific research. He also joined the Science College as Palit Professor. This great son of India left us forever in 1944. We  will  remember him forever for his great contributions.

 

        **************B.D**********

 

  1. Write a paragraph on Swami Vivekananda with the following points:

 

[Points : (a) Date of birth-12.01.1863 at Simla. (b) Father—Biswanath Dutta, a lawyer (c) Early name-Bile, Narendranath. (d) EducationPassed the Entrance Examination in the First Division from Metropolitan School, B.A. with Honours in Philosophy from Scottish Church College, Calcutta. (e) Turning points in life came in contact with Ramkrishna Paramahansabecame Sannyasi—travelled throughout India on foot—speech at the Parliament of Religion, Chicago. (vi) Works—Set up Ramkrishna Mission in 1897 and Belur Math in 1899.

 

              SWAMI VIVEKANANDA

 

Swami Vivekananda was a monk of India with great wisdom and personality. He was born at Simla in North Calcutta on 12 January 1863. His father name was Biswanath Dutta, a renowned lawyer and his mother was Bhubaneswari Devi. His earlier name was Narendranath Dutta and his nickname was Bile. He was very reckless and spirited from his childhood. He passed the Entrance Examination in the First Division from the Metropolitan School.

Thereafter, he graduated with Honours in Philosophy from the Scottish Church College, Calcutta in 1881. After that, he came in contact with Ramkrishna Paramhansa. This meeting with Ramkrishna brought a radical change in his life. He became a monk and later came to be known as Swami Vivekananda. He travelled all over India on foot. He attended the Parliament of Religion at Chicago. He set up the supremacy of the Hindu Religion. He established the Ramkrishna Mission in 1897 and the Belur Math in 1899. He was such a patriot who worked selflessly. He was a lover of mankind. This great man died on July 4, 1902, only at the age of 39. We  will  remember him forever for his great contributions.

 

 

              **************B.D**********

 

  1. Write a paragraph on KALPANA CHAWLA with the following points :

 

[Points : (a) Year of Birth—1961. (b) PlaceKarnal, Punjab (c) Parents-Banarasilal businessman-Father, Sanjothi-a housewife— her mother. (d) Early SchoolingTagore Balniketan in Karnal, Punjab. (e) Higher Education (1) Degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Punjab Engineering College. (2) 1984Master Degree-University of Texas (3) Doctorate-University of Colorado. (f) Career—(i) Joined NASA (ii) Selected Aeronaut-1994 (c) Maiden Space Flight 1977– with five other Aeronauts (g) Death-16th January 2003. Spaceship Columbia with Kalpana as one of the crew members crashed over Texas fifteen minutes before landing]

 

              KALPANA CHAWLA

 

Kalpana Chawla was the first female astronaut of India. She was born in 1961 in Karnal in Punja. Her parents were Banarasilal , a businessman and her mother was Sanjothi , a  housewife. Her early education started at Tagore Balniketan in Karnal, Punjab. From childhood, she dreamt of flying high in the sky. She obtained her degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Punjab Engineering College. In 1984, she obtained her Master Degree from Texas University.

Later, she received a Doctorate Degree from the University of Colorado. She took American Citizenship and joined NASA to fulfill her dream. She made her maiden space flight in 1977 with five other astronauts successfully. Kalpana was selected for her next space flight. She along with her other crew members was about to come back on the earth in the US space Shuttle Columbia. But just fifteen minutes to land, Columbia crashed over Texas on the 16th of January 2003. Thus, the life of this brave girl came to an end. We  will  remember her forever for her great contributions.

 

 

        ***********B.D**********

 

  1. Write a biography of Mother Teresa, using the given points below:

 

Points: Birth: 2 August 1910 in Yugoslavia—Education: Govt. school, Albania—came to Kolkata at the age of 19—as a nun—training to be a nun—joined Loreto Convent as a teacher-left the convent to do something for the poor & downtrodden-set up ‘Nirmal Hriday’ in Kolkata—Nobel Peace Prize in 1979—awarded Bharat Ratna in 1980—Death: 5 September 1997.

 

                    MOTHER TERESA

 

Mother Teresa was born in Yugoslavia on 2 August 1910. But she chose to live and die as an Indian. She got her education in the Government School in Albania. At the age of nineteen only, she came to Kolkata as a nun to serve the destitute.

After having trained for a nunnery, she joined the Loreto Convent. There she was a teacher. But she was interested to do something more for the poor and downtrodden. So, she left the convent and founded ‘Nirmal Hriday’, a philanthropic organization Her service to living Jesuses was acclaimed across the world. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 and ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1980. Mother Teresa died on 5 September 1997. We  will  remember her forever for her great contributions.

 

  ***********B.D**********

 

5.Write a paragraph on Iswar chandra Vidyasagar  based on the following points :

 

POINTS: Born: September 26, 1820, Birsingha, Paschim Medinipur – Parents: Thakurdas Bandopadhyay and Bhagabati Debi – Education: village pathshala, Sanskrit College Fought to abolish child marriage, Sati custom and to introduce widow marriage – Works: Betaal Panchabinsati, Bodhodoy, Upakramanika, Borno Porichoy, Sitar Bonobas, etc. Known as ‘the ocean of learning’ – Very kind – Known as “the ocean of kindness’ – Death: July 29, 1891.

 

         ISWARCHANDRA VIDYASAGAR

 

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was one of the great men of Bengal. He was born on September 26, 1820, at Birsingha in Paschim Medinipur. Thakurdas Bandopadhyay was his father and his mother was Bhagabati Debi. He had his early education at village pathshala. Later, he had his education from Sanskrit College.

He was a great social reformer. He fought to abolish child marriage, Sati custom and to introduce widow marriage. His famous writings include Betaal Panchabinsati, Bodhodoy, Upakramanika, Borno Porichoy, Sitar Bonobas, etc. We know him as ‘the ocean of learning’ for his deep knowledge. He was very kind also. That is why We all know as “the ocean of kindness’. This nobleman died on July 29, 1891. We  will  remember him forever for his great contributions.

 

      **************B.D*********

*** PROCESS WRITING QUESTIONS ANSWERS LINK:https://www.brojendasenglish.com/process-writing-class-ix-x/

 

Biography writing for class Ix & X.

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