Gulliver’s Travels Questions Answers Marks-10

Gulliver’s Travels Questions Answers Marks-10

 

2. How far Gulliver’s travels justify the title of the novel?

Jonathan Swift’s classic work of satirical literature Gulliver’s Travels (1726) was first published under its full title, Gulliver’s Travels or Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World. In Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and then a Captain of Several Ships. The work pokes fun at both hypocritical aspects of human nature and the travel narrative, a popular form of literature in eighteenth-century Europe.

The book is divided into four parts. “Part 1: A Voyage to Lilliput” begins with a summary of the history and early life of the main character Lemule Gulliver. Gulliver trained as a surgeon but his business failed soon after he opened it. Broke, Gulliver takes to the seas, joining the crew of a ship sailing from England. Soon after, he is shipwrecked and awakens on the island of Lilliput.

Lilliput is inhabited by tiny people about six inches in height, all of whom are fiercely protective of their kingdom. The Lilliputians take Gulliver prisoner, but after Gulliver assures him that he means no harm, they release him, giving him a residency in Lilliput. Gulliver is a great favorite of the royal court and beloved by the Lilliputians who are in awe of him.

The Lilliputians attribute great importance to trivial matters, such as which side an egg should be cracked from. The longer he stays in the country, the more Gulliver displeases the royal court, notably by urinating in public to put out a house fire. He also refuses to subjugate the Lilliputians’ neighbors the Blefuscudians. Consequently, he was convicted of treason by the Lilliputian king and sentenced to be blinded. He escapes with the help of a friend at court and flees to Blefuscu. There, he finds an abandoned boat and uses it to get back home.

Gulliver soon sets out again on a second journey. This time, his ship is blown off course, and Gulliver’s crewmates abandon him when he goes ashore to search for fresh water. Here, he finds the land of Brobdingnag where the people are all giants. Gulliver is found by a farmer who is nearly 80-feet tall. The farmer takes Gulliver home, displaying him for money. When the constant shows make Gulliver ill, the farmer sells him to the queen of Brobdingnag.

Gulliver is given a dollhouse to live in and has several adventures with the giant creatures that inhabit the world. He fights giant wasps and is carried around the palace by a giant monkey. In between adventures, he tells the king of Brobdingnag about the state of Europe. The king is much displeased to hear about the guns and cannons the Europeans use, as well as the frequent wars. One day, a giant eagle picks up Gulliver’s dollhouse and drops it into the ocean. Gulliver is picked up by sailors and returned to England.

Gulliver’s Travels, a misanthropic satire of humanity, was written in 1726 by Jonathan Swift. Like many other authors, Swift uses the journey as the backdrop for his satire. He invents a second author, Captain Lemuel Gulliver, who narrates and speaks directly to the reader from his own experience. The original title of Swift’s novel was Travels into several Remote Nations of the World. In Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and then a Captain of several Ships.

Gulliver’s name is probably an allusion to King Lemuel of Proverbs 31, who was a weakminded prophet. Swift may also be connecting his character to a common mule, a halfass, half-horse animal that is known for being stubborn and stupid. A gull is a person who is easily fooled or gullible. At the same time, Gulliver represents the everyman with his average intelligence and general good humor. The reader is able to identify with him and join him in his travels.

 

3. Q. Write a critical note on the structure of Gulliver’s Travels .

The book is written in the first person from the point of view of Lemuel Gulliver, a surgeon and sea captain who visits remote regions of the world, and it describes four adventures. In the first one, Gulliver is the only survivor of a shipwreck, and he swims to Lilliput, where he is tied up by people who are less than 6 inches (15 cm) tall. He is then taken to the capital city and eventually released. The Lilliputians indulge in ridiculous customs and petty debates. Political affiliations, for example, are divided between men who wear high-heeled shoes (symbolic of the English Tories) and those who wear low ones (representing the English Whigs), and court positions are filled by those who are best at rope dancing. Gulliver is asked to help defend Lilliput against the empire of Blefuscu, with which Lilliput is at war over which end of an egg should be broken, this being a matter of religious doctrine. Gulliver captures Blefuscu’s naval fleet, thus preventing an invasion, but declines to assist the emperor of Lilliput in conquering Blefuscu. Later Gulliver extinguishes a fire in the royal palace by urinating on it. Eventually he falls out of favour and is sentenced to be blinded and starved. He flees to Blefuscu, where he finds a normal-size

boat and is thus able to return to England.

Gulliver’s second voyage takes him to Brobdingnag, inhabited by a race of giants. A farm worker finds Gulliver and delivers him to the farm owner. The farmer begins exhibiting Gulliver for money, and the farmer’s young daughter, Glumdalclitch, takes care of him. One day the queen orders the farmer to bring Gulliver to her , and she purchases Gulliver. He becomes a favourite at court, though the king reacts with contempt when Gulliver recounts the splendid achievements of his own civilization. The king responds to Gulliver’s description of the government and history of England by concluding that the English must be a race of “odious vermin.” Gulliver offers to make gunpowder and cannon for the king, but the king is horrified by the thought of such weaponry. Eventually Gulliver is picked up by an eagle and then rescued at sea by people of his own size.

Lilliput

Gulliver’s adventures begin in Lilliput, when he wakes up after his shipwreck to find himself bound by the tiny threads of the Lilliputians, a civilization of miniature people fewer than six inches tall. They shout at him and poke him with their tiny arrows, and then construct a wagon to carry him into the capital city to present him to the emperor.

The emperor decides to keep Gulliver captive, spending a fortune to feed him. Because of his tiny size, his belief that he can control Gulliver seems silly, but his willingness to execute his subjects for minor reasons of politics or honor gives him a frightening aspect. The emperor decides to use Gulliver as a weapon in the war against the Blefuscu, another society of tiny people whom the Lilliputians hate because of perceived differences concerning the proper way to eat eggs. Lilliputians and Blefuscudians are prone to conspiracies and jealousies, and are quick to take advantage of Gulliver in political intrigues of various sorts.

A fire breaks out in the royal palace, and Gulliver extinguishes the fire by urinating on it. As a result of having urinated on the royal palace, he is tried and convicted of treason and sentenced to be shot in the eyes and then starved to death. But, he escapes to Blefuscu, where he finds a boat, is able to repair it, and sets sail for home, England. Brobdingnag

After staying in England with his wife and family for two months, Gulliver sets off on his next adventure, which takes him to a land called Brobdingnag, populated by giants about 60 feet tall called Brobdingnagians. Here, he was found by a farmer, who puts him in a cage and displays him around Brobdingnag. His exploitation of him as a laborer nearly starves Gulliver to death, and the farmer decides to sell him to the queen, who he must entertain with his musical talents.

The queen of Brobdingnag is so delighted by Gulliver’s beauty and charms that she agrees to buy him from the farmer for 1,000 pieces of gold. The queen seems to care about her new pet, asking Gulliver whether he would consent to live at court and inquiring as to the reasons for his cold goodbyes to the farmer. The queen employs a teacher and caretaker for Guliver, a girl named Glumdalclitch, who affectionately tends to him throughout his adventures in Brobdingnag.

The king of Brobdingnag, in contrast to the emperor of Lilliput, is well-versed in political science. The king’s relationship with Gulliver is limited to serious discussions about the history and institutions of Gulliver’s native England. Though at one point, the king dismisses him and refers to the English as odious vermin. Gulliver does not escape his captors and their ill treatment until the king and queen decided to take him on a trip, and his cage is plucked up by an eagle and dropped into the sea, where he manages to find his ship and sail back to England.

 

4. Q. Study the first two parts of Gulliver’s Travels and sketch a plotline in general. 

Jonathan Swift’s classic work of satirical literature Gulliver’s Travels (1726) was first published under its full title, Gulliver’s Travels or Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World. In Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and then a Captain of Several Ships. The work pokes fun at both hypocritical aspects of human nature and the travel narrative, a popular form of literature in eighteenth-century Europe.

The book is divided into four parts. “Part 1: A Voyage to Lilliput” begins with a summary of the history and early life of the main character Lemule Gulliver. Gulliver trained as a surgeon but his business failed soon after he opened it. Broke, Gulliver takes to the seas, joining the crew of a ship sailing from England. Soon after, he is shipwrecked and awakens on the island of Lilliput……

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Gulliver’s Travels Questions Answers Marks-10 Gulliver’s Travels Questions Answers Marks-10 Gulliver’s Travels Questions Answers Marks-10 Gulliver’s Travels Questions Answers Marks-10 Gulliver’s Travels Questions Answers Marks-10

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